By Howard Thomas Foster II, Mary Theresa Bonhage-Freund, Lisa D. O'Steen
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Extra resources for Archaeology of the Lower Muskogee Creek Indians, 1715-1836
2; Waselkov and Braund 1995:¤g. 33). 2). The small rectangles represent individual house structures within a house lot indicated by dotted lines. Each family ideally had four house structures organized around a courtyard forming a square about the size of a half-acre (Waselkov and Braund 1995:93). 2. Individual families had small gardens immediately adjacent to their house. Towns were located along the major rivers in the area, the Tallapoosa, Coosa, Alabama, Flint, and Chattahoochee, usually for access to natural resources 24 / Foster (Waselkov and Smith 2000; Worth 2000).
The renowned botanist William Bartram, who traveled among and wrote about Creek Indians during the 1770s, was astute in his observations of plants used and grown by the Indians. He observed that the Creek people grew corn, rice, sweet potatoes, beans, squash, and watermelons (Waselkov and Braund 1995:165). Benjamin Hawkins noted a dependence on similar produce 20 years later, in 1796 (Foster 2003a:21). Some Indians had begun growing Europeanintroduced foods like rice, but the main diet for the majority of people came from native products such as corn and beans.
S. governments between 1825 and 1836. A few towns resettled short distances away during the eighteenth to early nineteenth century, but they remained on the Chattahoochee River. For example, Cussetuh occupied at least two locations on the Chattahoochee River between 1715 and 1825 (Foster 2003a:58s). DEMOGRAPHY Population statistics on the Creek Indians of the eighteenth century are abundant, although the validity of those statistics is unknown. Since the populations that made up the Creek Indians were so variable, estimation of the numbers of the entire Creek people is not meaningful over time.