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By Richard A. Gould

Maritime archaeology bargains with shipwrecks and is conducted via divers instead of diggers..It embraces maritime heritage and analyzes alterations in ship-building, navigation, and seamanship, and gives clean views at the cultures and societies that produced the ships and sailors. Drawing on distinct prior and up to date case reports, Richard A. Gould offers an updated overview of the sphere that incorporates dramatic new findings coming up from more suitable undersea applied sciences. This moment variation of Archaeology and the Social heritage of Ships has been up to date all through to mirror new findings and new interpretations of outdated websites. the hot version explores advances in undersea know-how in archaeology, specially remotely operated automobiles. The booklet reports a few of the significant fresh shipwreck findings, together with the Vasa in Stockholm, the Viking wrecks at Roskilde Fjord, and the substantial.

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2) illustrates this problem. The original purpose of these structures was for ramming opposing vessels during battles at sea, but their later examples were too lightly constructed to have served effectively as rams and were in fact attempts to lighten the ships’ bows while under way. And, as Fred Walker, naval architect at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich (UK), has pointed out (personal communication), mid- to late-20th-century commercial ship construction saw the widespread introduction of bulbous pointed bow extensions underwater that improved the efficiency and economy of ship movement.

The victims of such Interpreting the Underwater Archaeological Record r 11 dominance include women, various ethnic minorities, and other groups defined by religious beliefs, low economic or social status, and generally marginal relations to mainstream Western-oriented culture. Advocates of this view argue that every cultural, ethnic, or other special-interest group has a unique view of the past that must be understood and appreciated on its own terms and accepted as valid to the same degree as archaeological science.

One example of these opportunities is the archaeological record from the Dry Tortugas, a collection of tiny sandbars and reefs lying between Florida and Cuba, which is a classic case of a ship trap. At least 241 ship casualties occurred there from as early as the 16th century until 1969 (Murphy, 1993a). This figure suggests that ships approaching or transiting the Dry Tortugas were taking unusual risks, and documents indicate that the risks were recognized. Anecdotal information about storms in this area has been accumulating since Columbus’ first voyage, and much information has been gathered more recently about weather, currents, shoals, and other elements of the local geography.

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