By Julia Annas
The culture of old philosophy is a protracted, wealthy and sundry one, within which the notes of debate and argument regularly resound. This booklet introduces historical debates, attractive us with the traditional advancements in their issues. relocating clear of the presentation of historic philosophy as a succession of significant thinkers, the publication offers readers a feeling of the freshness and liveliness of historical philosophy, and of its big range of issues and kinds.
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Extra resources for Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)
Instead, believing that man "can make the Way (Tao) great," and not that "the Way can make man great,"5 he concentrated on man. His primary concern was a good society based on good government and harmonious human relations. To this end he advocated a good government that rules by virtue and moral example rather than by punishment or force. His criterion for goodness was righteousness as opposed to profit. For the family, he particularly stressed filial piety and for society in general, proper conduct or li (propriety, rites).
He is lewd, indolent, negligent, and lazy. He is vulgar and cruel. Because his government has a disgusting odor, his offerings do not rise [to reach the spiritual beings]. And because his punishments are imposed on the basis of treachery and slander, his people desert him and divert their loyalty elsewhere. 24 Both the people and the spiritual beings blame him and hate him, and there is nothing in him for them to cling to. ) borrowed a way through Yü to attack Kuo. (Great Officer) Kung Chih-ch'i remonstrated with him.
The Way has not prevailed in the world for a long time. " 4:2. Confucius said, "One who is not a man of humanity cannot endure adversity for long, nor can he enjoy prosperity for long. The man of humanity is naturally at ease with humanity. " 4:3. "53 4:4. "54 49 A native of Lu, most probably not a pupil of Confucius. 50 Great officer and commander-in-chief in the state of Wei. 5l Tzu-kung's private name. 52 Ruler of Confucius' native state of Lu (r. ). 53 Hate here means dislike, without any connotation of ill will.