By Patricia Melzer
Notwithstanding set in different worlds populated by means of alien beings, technological know-how fiction is a domain the place people can critique and re-imagine the paradigms that form this international, from basics akin to the intercourse and gender of the physique to worldwide energy kin between sexes, races, and countries. Feminist thinkers and writers are more and more spotting technology fiction's strength to shatter patriarchal and heterosexual norms, whereas the creators of technology fiction are bringing new intensity and complexity to the style by way of attractive with feminist theories and politics. This ebook maps the intersection of feminism and technological know-how fiction via shut readings of technology fiction literature by way of Octavia E. Butler, Richard Calder, and Melissa Scott and the films "The Matrix" and the "Alien" sequence. Patricia Melzer analyzes how those authors and flicks characterize debates and ideas in 3 parts of feminist concept: id and distinction, feminist reviews of technological know-how and know-how, and the connection between gender id, physique, and wish, together with the recent gender politics of queer wants, transgender, and intersexed our bodies and identities. She demonstrates that key political components form those debates, together with worldwide capitalism and exploitative category family members inside a starting to be overseas process; the influence of computing device, business, and clinical applied sciences on women's lives and reproductive rights; and post-human embodiment as expressed via biotechnologies, the body/machine interface, and the commodification of hope. Melzer's research makes it transparent that feminist writings and readings of technology fiction are a part of a feminist critique of present energy kinfolk - and that the alien structures (cyborgs, clones, androids, extraterrestrial beings, and hybrids) that populate post-modern technology fiction are as possibly empowering as they're threatening.
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Extra info for Alien Constructions: Science Fiction and Feminist Thought
2 She depicts complex societies in which alien species force-breed with humans and humans mutate into alien forms, in which time travel and shapeshifters exist, and in which humans have telepathic abilities. Her style is engaging; her stories captivating. Butler’s science fiction narratives are intriguing because of the complex and at times contradictory reading experience they offer; they juxtapose affirmation of difference with experiences of colonization and slavery. At the center of her narratives, which Ruth Salvaggio defines as ‘‘stories of power,’’ are the struggles of strong female characters who negotiate contradictions of ‘‘enslavement and freedom, control and corruption, survival and adjustment’’ (Salvaggio, ‘‘Octavia Butler’’ 6).
Through her characters’ negotiations of power and her rewriting of cultural and religious myths, Butler addresses contemporary political issues linked to diaspora and anticolonial movements that are problematized in feminist debates. 5 Science fiction’s exploration of colonial experiences through metaphors of aliens and space travel reaches a diverse audience often not included in theoretical debates on anticolonial identities. The objective of the critical readings offered here is not to give a close textual analysis of individual narratives, but instead to clarify feminist concepts by tracing them in thematic patterns in Butler’s writing.
Thomas, such as contemporary writers Samuel Delany, Nisi Shawl, Charles Saunders, Steven Barnes, and Nalo Hopkinson.